Pernand- Vergelesses 1er Cru " Sous Fretille"
At the confluence of two valleys, the appellation of Pernand-Vergelesses, perched between 290 and 360 meters, is in the northern portion of the Côte de Beaune. The AOC Pernand-Vergelesses covers 123 hectares: 90 hectares of red of which 44 are Premier Cru and 53 of white of which 17 are Premier Cru.
In this parcel of "Sous Frétille" with approximately seven ouvrées facing south-southwest, the vines' average age is 30 years and they are planted on a foundation of white marl. These soils give wines called "de Combe", or "from the valley", and are direct and cutting in their acidity.
Sous Frétille" has been classified as a Premier Cru since 2001 (but only for white wines.) The word "Frétille" is a derivation of "forestelle", or forest in old French. Hence, "Sous Frétille" indiquates the geographic location of the parcel, just under the forest.
The wines, the style
Our wines are known for their great aromatic purity. We always favor balance and elegance over power and extraction. The wines are classic expressions of Burgundy, of their appellations in general and of their specific terroirs in particular. The farming methods we use contribute to this individual style, and our winemaking methods aim to avoid excessive outside influences in order to bring out the equilibrium that can be found naturally in Burgundian terroir.
All our fruit is hand-harvested. Thanks to pneumatic presses, we can calibrate our presses to fit the quality of the grapes and the profile of the vintage. After a light settling, the musts are placed mostly in 600-liter barrels as well as in 228-liter barrels, where the alcoholic and malolactic fermentations take place.
We use approximately five to twenty percent new casks primarily made from Allier wood that sees a long yet light toasting. The first racking occurs after about one year of wood aging, after which begins the second, four- to six-month phase in stainless steel, which preserves the wine's freshness and tension. We finish the aging with a light fining followed by a similarly light and respectful filtration before bottling.
Tending the Vines
Alix de Montille only selects parcels that align with her demands: controlled yields from carefully pruned and plowed vines. Nothing is purchased unless the parcel is sustainably farmed. Some vineyards are even in the process of being converted to organic viticulture. Alix works with fruit from approximately five hectares spread between the Côte de Beaune, the Côte Chalonnaise, the Mâconnais and Chablis. Almost 35,000 bottles are tagged "Deux Montille Soeur-Frères" every vintage.