Monthelie 1er Cru "Les Duresses"
We believe "Duresses" comes from the name Daraises, which in the Mâconnais is still used to refer to the sides of trucks. It comes from the Gaelic word doratia, or movable pasture fence or fence gate. One could imagine that, at the bottom of the Bourdon hills, perhaps there were wooden livestock pens that could have given their name to these vineyards.
This young vineyard of 0.27 hectare sits mid-slope on a silty clay and limestone soil. It was perfect for a new plantation of Chardonnay material we carefully selected. Ripening comes early here and gives a supple wine avoid of agressive qualities. It is balanced, mineral and hardly has a lack of length. This wine keeps well for three to five years.
The wines, the style
Our wines are known for their great aromatic purity. We always favor balance and elegance over power and extraction. The wines are classic expressions of Burgundy, of their appellations in general and of their specific terroirs in particular. The farming methods we use contribute to this individual style, and our winemaking methods aim to avoid excessive outside influences in order to bring out the equilibrium that can be found naturally in Burgundian terroir.
All our fruit is hand-harvested. Thanks to pneumatic presses, we can calibrate our presses to fit the quality of the grapes and the profile of the vintage. After a light settling, the musts are placed mostly in 600-liter barrels as well as in 228-liter barrels, where the alcoholic and malolactic fermentations take place.
We use approximately five to twenty percent new casks primarily made from Allier wood that sees a long yet light toasting. The first racking occurs after about one year of wood aging, after which begins the second, four- to six-month phase in stainless steel, which preserves the wine's freshness and tension. We finish the aging with a light fining followed by a similarly light and respectful filtration before bottling.
Tending the Vines
We began organic farming in all of the parcels of the Domaine du Château de Puligny-Montrachet in 2002. Since 2005, biodynamic viticulture has accompanied this practice in our efforts to fully respect these living soils.